The taus and its modified, lighter forms, the dilruba and esraj, are very popular instruments in the North Indian regions of Punjab. It is used in Sikh music, as well as in Hindustani classical compositions, in the music from West Bengal.
Esraj is found in two forms throughout Indian subcontinent. It is the main accompanying instrument for Rabindra Sangeet in Shantiniketan, and Rabindranath Tagore made esrajmandatory for all students of Sangeet Bhavna of Shantiniketan.
Invented about 300 years ago, these instruments gradually lost their popularity, and by 1980’s, the instrument became nearly extinct. However, due to the “Gurmat Sangeet Movement”, these instruments are again attracting attention.
For more specialized information, please download our Webzine SILKROADIA VOL.2 NO.1, and read "Taus – the Indian bowed string instrument" written by Sumit Kumar, the founder of the law firm “Due Legal”.
ⓒ 2020. Sumit Kumar All rights reserved.